How Workers Born In Other Countries Support Innovation and Growth in Germany

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Movinga recently completed a study which investigates the possible benefits of foreign human capital in Germany. In order to do this, research was conducted into each of the 16 federal states. The number of firms receiving venture capital, the number of patent applications, the unemployment rate, and the percentage of the state that were born in another country were all examined. The findings show that German states with a higher percentage of foreign-born citizens see higher levels of innovation. They also illustrate that attracting more people from other countries does not mean higher unemployment.

In order to analyse the possible benefits of foreign human capital, the research compares the key indicators on innovation and economic prosperity (firms accepting venture capital, patent applications, unemployment) with the percentage of the population that are born in another country. All data used for this report was provided by
The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the German Federal Statistical Office (Destatis).

With 81.4 million citizens, Germany is Europe’s largest country by population. It is also the nation with the largest foreign-born population in Europe, with more than 7.8 million (9.6%) originating from another country. However, this diversity is not evenly spread across Germany’s 16 federal states: five states have more than 10% of citizens who are foreignborn compared, whereas five states have a foreign-born population of less than 3%.

‘The impressive amount of firms accepting venture capital and the number of patent applications in the diverse regions of Berlin, Bayern and Baden-Württemberg suggests that foreign human capital helps support innovation and growth’.

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